Here is a detailed (but not exhaustive) list of journal articles focused on or related to the study of adversarial growth.

  1. Aldwin, C.M., Levenson, M.R., & Spiro III, A. (1994). Vulnerability and resilience to combat exposure: Can stress have lifelong effects? Psychology & Aging, 9, 33-44.
  2. American Psychological Association. (2001). What makes people the happiest? Researchers say it’s not money or popularity. Press release (2/11/2001)
  3. Antonovsky, A. & Bernstein, J. (1986). Pathogenesis and salutogenesis in war and other crises: Who studies the successful coper? In N.A. Milgram (Ed.). Stress and coping in time of war: Generalizations from the Israeli experience (pp. 52-65). New York: Brunner/Mazel.
  4. Agger, I. (2000). Psychosocial assistance during ethnopolitical warfare in the former Yugoslavia. In D. Chirot & M.E.P. Seligman (Eds.). Ethnopolitical Warfare: Causes, Consequences, and Possible Solutions. Washington, D.C.: American Psychological Association.
  5. Ahearn, F.L. (Ed.) (2000). Psychosocial wellness of refugees: Issues in qualitative and quantitative research. New York & Oxford: Berghahn Books
  6. Ahearn, F.L. (2000). Psychosocial wellness: Methodological approaches to the study of refugees. In Ahearn, F.L. (Ed.) (2000). Psychosocial wellness of refugees: Issues in qualitative and quantitative research. New York & Oxford: Berghahn Books
  7. Almedom, A.M. & Summerfield, D. (2004). Mental well-being in settings of ‘complex emergency’. Journal of Biosocial Sciences, 36, 381-388.
  8. Armstrong, A. (1988). Aspects of refugee well-being in settlement schemes: An examination of the Tanzanian case. Journal of Refugee Studies, 1, 57-73.
  9. Aspinwall, L.G. and Taylor, S.E. (1992). Modeling cognitive adaptation: A longitudinal investigation of the impact of individual differences and coping on college adjustment and performance. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 63, 989-1003.
  10. Aspinwall, L. G., & Taylor, S. E. (1997). A stitch in time: Self-regulation and proactive coping. Psychological Bulletin, 121, 417-436.
  1. Bandura, A. (1986). Social foundations of thought and action: A social cognitive approach. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.
  2. Bandura, A. (1999). Self-efficacy: The exercise of control. New York: Freeman.
  3. Bardi, A., & Schwartz, S. (2003). Values and Behavior: Strength and Structure of Relations. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 29(10), 1207-1220.
  4. Bartlett, C.J. & Coles, E.C. (1998). Psychological health and well-being: why and how should public health specialists measure it? Part 2: stress, subjective well-being and overall conclusions. Journal of Public Health Medicine 20 (3) 288-294
  5. Baumeister, R.F. (1992). Meanings in life. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
  6. Bergh, M. & Jareg, P. (Eds.). (1998). Health and psychosocial aspects of complex emergencies: The Norwegian experience. Oslo: Diskonhjemmets Internasjonale Senter.
  7. Beutler, L.E., Moos, R.H., & Lane, G. (2003). Coping, treatment planning, and treatment outcome: Discussion. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 59, 1151-1167.
  8. Block, J. (1982). Assimilation, accommodation, and the dynamics of personality development. Child Development, 53, 281-295.
  9. Block, J.H. & Block, J. (1980). The role of ego-control and ego-resiliency in the organization of behavior. In W. A. Collins (Ed.), The Minnesota Symposia on Child Psychology (Vol. 13, pp. 39-101). Hillsdale, N.J.: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
  10. Block, J., & Kremen, A. (1996). IQ and Ego-resiliency: Clarifying their conceptual and empirical linkage and separateness. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 70, 349-361.
  11. Bolton, P. & Tang, A.M. (2002). An alternative approach to cross-cultural function assessment. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 37, 537-543.
  12. Bonnano, G.A. (2004). Loss, trauma, and human resilience: Have we underestimated the human capacity to thrive after extremely adverse events? American Psychologist, 59, 20-28.
  13. Bracken, P.J., Giller, J.E. & Summerfield, D. (1995). Psychological responses to war and atrocity: The limitations of current concepts. Social Science and Medicine, 40, 1073-1082.
  14. Breznitz, S. & Eshel, Y. (1983). Life events: Stressful ordeal or valuable experience? In S. Breznitz (Ed.). Stress in Israel (pp. 228-261). New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold.
  15. Buss, D. M., & Craik, K. H. (1983). The act frequency approach to personality. Psychological Review, 90, 105-126.
  1. Cantor, N. & Sanderson, C.A. (1999). Life task participation and well-being. The importance of taking part in daily life. In D. Kahneman, E. Diener, & N. Schwarz (Eds.), Well-being: The foundations of hedonic psychology (pp. 230-243). New York: Russell Sage Foundation.
  2. Carver, C.S. (1998). Resilience and thriving: Issues, models and linkages. Journal of Social Issues, 54, 245-266.
  3. Carver, C.S. & Scheier, M.F. (2002). Optimism. In C.R. Snyder & S.J. Lopez (Eds). Handbook of positive psychology (pp. 231-243). New York: Oxford University Press.
  4. Caspi, A., & Roberts, B. W. (2001). Personality development across the life course: The argument for change and continuity. Psychological Inquiry, 12, 49-66.
  5. Chirot, D. & Seligman, M.E.P. (2000). Ethnopolitical Warfare: Causes, Consequences, and Possible Solutions. Washington, D.C.: American Psychological Association.
  6. Collins, R.L., Taylor, S.E., & Skokan, L.A. (1990). A better world or a shattered vision? Changes in life perception following victimization. Social Cognition, 8, 263-285.
  7. Compas, B.E., Connor-Smith, J.K., Saltzman, H., Thomsen, A.H., & Wadsworth, M.E. (2001). Coping with stress during childhood and adolescence. Progress, problems, and potential in theory and research. Psychological Bulletin, 127, 87-127,
  8. Conner-Smith, J.K. & Flachsbart, C. (2007). Relations between personality and coping: A meta-analysis. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 93, 1080-1107.
  9. Costa, P.T., Jr., & McCrae, R.R. (1980). Influence of extraversion and neuroticism on subjective well-being: Happy and unhappy people. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 38, 668-678.
  10. Cowen, E. L. (1991). In pursuit of wellness. American Psychologist, 46, 404-408.
  1. Davis, C. G., Nolen-Hoeksema, S., & Larson, J. (1998). Making sense of loss and benefiting from the experience: Two constructs of meaning. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 75, 561-574.
  2. Dawes, R. (1994). House of Cards: Psychology and psychotherapy built on myth. New York: Free Press.
  3. Deci, E.L. & Ryan, R.M. (1991). A motivational approach to self: integration in personality. In R. Dienstbier (Ed.). Nebraska Symposium on Motivation: Perspective on Motivation. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press,
  4. De Voe, D.M. (1981). Framing refugees as clients. International Migration Review, 15, 88-94.
  5. Diener, E. (1995). A value based index for measuring national quality of life. Social Indicators Research, 36, 107-127.
  6. Diener, E., Emmons, R.A., Larsen, R.J., & Griffin, S. (1985). The satisfaction with life scale. Journal of Personality Assessment, 49, 71-75.
  7. Diener, E., & Diener, M. (1995). Cross-cultural correlates of life satisfaction and self-esteem. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 68, 653-663.
  8. Diener, E., & Fujita, F. (1995). Resources, personal strivings, and subjective well-being: A nomothetic and idiographic approach. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 68, 926-935.
  9. Diener, E., & Suh, E.M. (1997). Measuring quality of life: Economic, social, and subjective indicators. Social Indicators Research, 40, 189-216.
  10. Diener, E., Suh, E.M., Lucas, R.E., & Smith, H.L. (1999). Subjective well-being: three decades of progress. Psychological Bulletin, 125, 276-302.
  1. Eisenberg, L (1977). The search for care. Daedalus 106, 235–246.
  2. Emmons, R. A. (2009). Greatest of the virtues? Gratitude and the grateful personality. Narvaez, D. & Lapsley, D. K. (Eds.). Personality, identity, and character: Explorations in moral psychology (pp. 256-270). New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.
  1. Ferris, E.G. (1993). Beyond borders: refugees, migrants and human rights in the post-Cold War era. Geneva: WCC.
  2. Fiske, D. W. (1961). The inherent variability of behavior. In D. W. Fiske, & S. R. Maddi (Eds.), Functions of varied experience (pp. 326-354). Homewood, IL: Dorsey Press.
  3. Fleeson, W. (2001). Towards a structure- and process-integrated view of personality: Traits as density distributions of states. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 80, 1011-1027.
  4. Fleeson, W. (2004). The quality of American life at the end of the century. In O. G. Brim, C. D. Ryff, & R. C. Kessler (Eds.), How healthy are we? A national study of well-being at midlife (pp. 252-272). Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.
  5. Fleeson, W. (2007a). Studying personality processes: Explaining change in between-persons longitudinal and within-person multilevel models. In R. W. Robins, R. C. Fraley, R. F. Krueger (Eds.), Handbook of research methods in personality psychology. (pp. 523-542). New York: Guilford.
  6. Fleeson, W. (2007b). Situation-based contingencies underlying trait-content manifestation in behavior. Journal of Personality, 75, 825-861.
  7. Fleeson, W., & Baltes, P. B. (1998). Beyond present-day personality assessment: An encouraging exploration of the measurement properties and predictive power of subjective lifetime personality. Journal of Research in Personality, 32, 411-430.
  8. Fleeson, W., & Heckhausen, J. (1997). More or less “me” in past, present, and future: Perceived lifetime personality during adulthood. Psychology and Aging, 12, 125-136.
  9. Fleeson, W., & Jolley, S. (2006). A proposed theory of the adult development of intraindividual variability in trait-manifesting behavior. In D. Mroczek & T. D. Little (Eds.). Handbook of personality development (pp. 41-59). Mahwah, NJ: LEA.
  10. Fleeson, W., Malanos, A. B., & Achille, N. M. (2002). An intraindividual process approach to the relationship between extraversion and positive affect: Is acting extraverted as “good” as being extraverted? Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 83, 1409-1422.
  11. Fleeson, W., & Noftle, E. (2008a). The end of the person-situation debate: An emerging synthesis in the answer to the consistency question. Social-Personality Psychology Compass, 2, 1667-1684.
  12. Fleeson, W., & Noftle, E. E. (2008b). Where does personality have its influence? A supermatrix of consistency concepts. Journal of Personality, 76, 1355-1385.
  13. Fleeson, W., & Gallagher, P. (2009). The implications of Big Five standing for the distribution of trait manifestation in behavior: Fifteen experience-sampling studies and a meta-analysis. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 97, 1097-1114
  14. Fleeson, W., & Wilt, J. (2010). The relevance of big-five trait content in behavior to subjective authenticity: Do high levels of within-person behavioral variability undermine or enable authenticity achievement? Journal of Personality, 78, 1353-1382.
  15. Frankl, V. (1959). Man’s search for meaning. Boston: Beacon Press.
  16. Frazier, P., Tennen, H., Gavian, M., Park, C., Tomich, P., & Tashiro, T. (2009). Does self-reported post-traumatic growth reflect genuine positive change? Psychological Science, 20, 912-919.
  17. Fredrickson, B. L. (1998). What good are positive emotions? Review of General Psychology, 2, 300–319.
  18. Fredrickson, B.L. (2001). The role of positive emotions in positive psychology: The broaden-and-build theory of positive emotions. American Psychologist, 56, 218–226.
  19. Fredrickson, B. L., & Levenson, R. W. (1996). Positive emotions speed recovery from the cardiovascular sequelae of negative emotions. Cognition and Emotion, 12, 191–220.
  20. Fredrickson, B. L., Mancuso, R. A., Branigan, C., & Tugade, M. M. (2000). The undoing effect of positive emotions. Motivation and Emotion, 24, 237–258.
  1. Gable, S.L. & Haidt, J. (2005). What (and why) is positive psychology? Review of General Psychology, 9 (2), 103-110.
  2. Gladis, M.M., Gosch, E.A., Dishuk, N.M., & Crits-Christoph, P. (1999). Quality of Life: Expanding the scope of clinical significance. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 67 (3), 320-331.
  3. Goodstein, L. D. & Sandler, I. (1978). Using psychology to promote human welfare: A conceptual analysis of the role of community psychology. American Psychologist, 33, 882-892.
  4. Gosling, S., Rentfrow, P., & Swann, W. (2003). A very brief measure of the Big-Five personality domains. Journal of Research in Personality, 37, 504-528.
  5. Gunty, A., Frazier, P., Tennen, H., Tomich, P., Tashiro, T., & Park, C. (2010). Moderators of the relation between perceived and actual posttraumatic growth. Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy.
  1. Haidt, J. (2008). Morality. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 3 (1), 65-72.
  2. Helgeson, V.S., Reynolds, K.A. & Tomich, P.L. (2006). A meta-analytic review of benefit finding and growth. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 74, 797-816.
  3. Hobfoll, S.E. (1989). Conservation of resources: A new attempt at conceptualizing stress. American Psychologist, 44, 513-524.
  4. Hobfoll, S.E., Johnson, R.J., Ennis, N, and Jackson, A.P. (2003). Resource loss, resource gain, and emotional outcomes among inner city women. Journal of Social and Personality Psychology, 84 (3), 632-643
  5. Hobfoll, S. E., Hall, B. J., Canetti-Nisim, D., Galea, S., Johnson, R. J., & Palmieri, P. (2007). Refining our understanding of traumatic growth in the face of terrorism: Moving from meaning cognitions to doing what is meaningful. Applied Psychology: An International Journal, 56, 345-366., 345-366.
  6. Hobfoll, S. E., Palmieri, P. A., & Johnson, R. J., Hall, B. J., Canetti-Nisim, D., & Galea, S. (2009). Trajectories of resilience, resistance and distress during ongoing terrorism: The case of Jews and Arabs in Israel. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 77,138-148.
  7. Hoeing, W. (2004). Self-image and the well-being of refugees in Rhino Camp, Uganda. New Issues in Refugee Research, 103.
  8. Hovil, L. (2007). Self-settled refugees in Uganda: An alternative approach to displacement? Journal of Refugee Studies, 20, 599-620.
  9. Hubbard, J. & Miller, K.E. (2004). Evaluating ecological mental health interventions in refugee communities. In K.E. Miller & L.M. Rasco (Ed.). The mental health of refugees: Ecological approaches to healing and adaptation (pp.337- 374). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
  1. Ingleby, D. (2005). Forced migration and mental health: Rethinking the care of refugees and displaced persons. New York: Springer.
  1. Kahneman, D., Diener, E., & Schwarz, N. (Eds.) (1999). Well-being: The foundations of hedonic psychology. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.
  2. Kasser, T. & Ryan, R.M. (1993). A dark side of the American dream: correlates of financial success as a central life aspiration. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 65, 410-422.
  3. Keyes, C.L.M. & Haidt, J. (Eds.). (2002). Flourishing: Positive Psychology and the Life Well-Lived. Washington, D.C.: American Psychological Association.
  4. King, L.A. (2004). Measures and meanings: The use of qualitative data in social ad personality psychology. In C. Sansone, C.C. Morf, & A.T. Panter (Eds.). The Sage Handbook of Methods in Social Psychology (pp. 173-194). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
  5. King, L. A., Scollon, C. K., Ramsey, C. M., & Williams, T. (2000). Stories of life transition: Happy endings, subjective well-being, and ego development in parents of children with Down syndrome. Journal of Research in Personality, 34, 509–536.
  6. King, L. A., & Hicks, J. A. (2007).Whatever happened to “What might have been”? Regrets, happiness, and maturity. American Psychologist, 62, 625-636.
  7. Kitayama, S. and Markus, H.R. (2000). The pursuit of happiness and the realization of sympathy: Cultural patterns of self, social relations, and wellbeing. In E. Diener and E.M. Suh (ed.). Culture and Subjective Wellbeing. Cambridge: The MIT Press.
  1. Lapsley, D.K., & Power, F.C. (2005). Character psychology and character education. Notre Dame, IN, US: University of Notre Dame Press.
  2. Lazarus, R.S. (1991). Emotion and adaptation. New York: Oxford University Press.
  3. Lazarus, R.S. (1993). From psychological stress to the emotions: A history of changing outlooks. Annual Review of Psychology, 44, 1-22.
  4. Lent, R.W. (2004). Towards a Unifying Theoretical and Practical Perspective on Well-Being and Psychosocial Adjustment. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 51 (4), 482-509.
  5. Linley, P.A., Joseph, S., Harrington, S., & Wood, A.M. (2006). Positive psychology: Past, present, and (possible) future. Journal of Positive Psychology, 1, 3-16.
  6. Locke, E.A. & Latham, G.P. (1990). A theory of goal setting and task performance. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.
  7. Loevinger, J. (1976). Origins of conscience. Psychological Issues, 9, 265-297.
  8. Lu, L. & Gilmour, R. (2004) Culture and conceptions of happiness: Individual oriented and social oriented SWB. Journal of Happiness Studies, 5, 269-291.
  9. Lyubomirsky, S. & Lepper, H. S. (1999). A measure of subjective happiness: preliminary reliability and construct validity. Social Indicators Research, 46, 137.
  10. Lyubomirsky, S., King, L., and Diener, E. (2005). The benefits of frequent positive affect: Does happiness lead to success? Psychological Bulletin, 131 (6), 803-855.
  1. Maddux, J.E. (2002). Self-Efficacy. In Snyder, C.R. and Lopez, S. (eds). Handbook of Positive Psychology. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  2. Maercker, A. & Zoellner, T. (2004). The Janus face of self-perceived growth: Toward a Two-Component Model of Posttraumatic Growth. Psychological Inquiry, 15, 41-48.
  3. Maslow, A. H. (1954). Motivation and personality. New York: Harper Press.
  4. McAdams, D. P. (1995). What do we know when we know a person? Journal of Personality, 63, 365-396.
  5. McAdams, D. P., & Olson, B. (2010). Personality development: Continuity and change over the life course. Annual Review of Psychology, 61, 517-542.
  6. McNiel, J. M., & Fleeson, W. (2006). The causal effects of extraversion on positive affect and neuroticism on negative affect: Manipulating state extraversion and state neuroticism in an experimental approach. Journal of Research in Personality, 40, 529-550.
  7. McSpadden, L.A. (1987). Ethiopean refugee resettlement in the Western United States: Social context and psychological well-being. International Migration Review, 21, 796-819.
  8. Mehl, M. R., & Pennebaker, J. W. (2003). The sounds of social life: A psychometric analysis of students’ daily social environments and natural conversations. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 84, 857-870.
  9. Miller, K. (1999). Rethinking a familiar model: psychotherapy and the mental health of refugees. Journal of Contemporary Psychotherapy, 29, 283-306.
  10. Miller, K.E. & Rasco, L.M. (2004). The mental health of refugees: Ecological approaches to healing and adaptation. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
  11. Miller, K.E. & Rasco, L.M. (2004). An ecological framework for addressing the mental health needs of refugee communities. In K.E. Miller & L.M. Rasco (Ed.). The mental health of refugees: Ecological approaches to healing and adaptation (pp.1- 64). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
  12. Mroczek, D. K. (2007).The analysis of longitudinal data in personality research. In R. W. Robins, R. C. Fraley, R. F. Krueger (Eds.), Handbook of research methods in personality psychology. (pp. 543-556). New York: Guilford.
  13. Mroczek, D. K., & Almeida, D. M. (2004). The effect of daily stress, personality, and age on daily negative affect. Journal of Personality, 72, 355-378.
  14. Mroczek, D. K., & Little, T. D. (Eds.) (2006). Handbook of personality development. Mahwah, NJ: LEA
  1. Nolen-Hoeksema, S., & Davis C. G. (2002). Positive responses to loss: Perceiving benefits and growth. In C. R. Snyder, & S. J. Lopez (Eds.), Handbook of positive psychology (pp. 598-606). New York: Oxford University Press.
  2. Nussbaum, M.C. (2007). Who is the Happy Warrior? Philosophy Poses Questions to Psychology. Paper presented to the Happiness and the Law conference, University of Chicago, June 2007.
  1. Oyserman, D., Coon, H. M., & Kemmelmeier, M. (2002). Rethinking Individualism and Collectivism: Evaluation of Theoretical Assumptions and Meta-Analyses. Psychological Bulletin, 128, 3-72.
  2. Ozer, D. J., & Benet-Martinez, V. (2006). Personality and the prediction of consequential outcomes. Annual Review of Psychology. 57, 401-421.
  1. Pals, J. L. (1999). Identity consolidation in early adulthood: Relations with ego – resiliency, the context of marriage, and personality change. Journal of Personality, 67, 295–329.
  2. Peterson, C., & Seligman, M. E. P. (2004). Character strengths and virtues: A handbook and classification. Washington, DC, US: American Psychological Association.
  3. Peterson, C., Park, N., & Seligman, M.E.P. (2006). Strengths of character and recovery. Journal of Positive Psychology, 1, 17-26.
  1. Reis, H.T., Sheldon, K.M., Gable, S.L., Roscoe, J., & Ryan, R.M.. (2000). Daily well-being: The role of autonomy, competence, and relatedness. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 26, 419-435.
  2. Roberts, B. W., & Mroczek, D. (2008). Personality trait change in adulthood. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 17, 31-35.
  3. Roberts, B. W., & Pomerantz, E. M. (2004). On traits, situations, and their integration: A developmental perspective. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 8, 402–416.
  4. Roberts, B. W., Walton, K. E., & Viechtbauer, W. (2006). Patterns of mean-level change in personality traits across the life course: A meta-analysis of longitudinal studies. Psychological Bulletin, 132, 1-25.
  5. Roberts, B.W., Kuncel, N.R., Shiner, R., Caspi, A., & Goldberg, L.R. (2007). The power of personality: The comparative validity of personality traits, socioeconomic status, and cognitive ability for predicting important life outcomes. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 2, 313-345.
  6. Robins, R. W., Noftle, E. E., Trzesniewski, K. H., & Roberts, B. W. (2005). Do people how their personality has changed? Correlates of perceived and actual personality change in young adulthood. Journal of Personality, 73, 489–521.
  7. Robbins, S.B. & Kliewer, W.L. (2000). Advances in theory and research on subjective well-being. In S.D. Brown & R.W. Lent (Eds.). Handbook of counseling psychology (pp. 310-345). New York: Wiley.
  8. Roesch, S.C., Wee, C., & Vaughn, A.A. (2006). Relations between the Big Five personality traits and dispositional coping in Korean Americans: Acculturation as a moderating factor. International Journal of Psychology, 41, 85-96.
  9. Ruini, C., Ottolini, F., Rafanelli, C., Tossani, E., Ryff, C.D., & Fava, G.A. (2003). The relationship of psychological well-being to distress and personality. Psychotherapy and Psychsomatics, 72, 268-275.
  10. Ryan, R. M., & Deci, E. L. (2000). Self-determination theory and the facilitation of intrinsic motivation, social development, and well-being. American Psychologist, 55, 68–78
  11. Ryan, R.M. and Deci, E.L. (2001). On Happiness and Human Potentials: A Review of Research on Hedonic and Eudaimonic Well-Being. Annual Review of Psychology, 52, 141-166.
  12. Ryff, C. D. (1989). Happiness is everything, or is it? Explorations on the meaning of psychological well-being. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 57, 1069-1081.
  13. Ryff, C.D. (1995). Psychological well-being in adult life. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 4, 99-104.
  14. Ryff, C.D. & Keyes, C.L.M. (1995). The structure of psychological well-being revisited. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 69, 719-727.
  15. Ryff, C.D. & Singer, B.H. (1998). The contours of positive human health. Psychological Inquiry, 9, 1-28.
  16. Ryff, C.D. & Singer, B.H. (2002). Flourishing under fire: Resilience as a prototype of challenged thriving. In C.L.M. Keyes & J. Haidt (Eds.). (2002). Flourishing: Positive Psychology and the Life Well-Lived. Washington, D.C.: American Psychological Association.
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  2. Schwarz, N. (1999). Self-reports: How the questions shape the answers. American Psychologist, 54, 93-105.
  3. Schueller, S.M. & Seligman, M.E.P. (2008). Optimism and Pessimism. In K. Dobson & D.J.A. Dozois (Ed.). Risk Factors for Depression.
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  5. Schwarzer, R. (1999). Self-regulatory processes in the adoption and maintenance of health behaviors. The role of optimism, goals, and threats. Journal of Health Psychology, 4, 115-127.
  6. Schwarzer, R., & Renner, B. (2000). Social-cognitive predictors of health behavior: Action self-efficacy and coping self-efficacy. Health Psychology, 19, 487-495.
  7. Schwarzer, R. & Knoll, N. (2003). Positive coping: Mastering demands and searching for meaning. In S.J. Lopez & C.R. Snyder (Eds.). Handbook of Positive Psychological Assessment. Washington, D.C.: American Psychological Association.
  8. Seligman, M.E.P. (1991/1998). Learned optimism. New York: Basic Books.
  9. Seligman, M.E.P. and Csikszentmihalyi, M. (2000). Positive Psychology: An Introduction. American Psychologist 55: 1-20.
  10. Seligman, M.E.P. (2002). Authentic Happiness. New York: The Free Press.
  11. Seligman, M.E.P. (2002). Positive Psychology, Positive Prevention, and Positive Therapy. In Snyder, C.R. and Lopez, S. (eds). Handbook of Positive Psychology. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  12. Seligman, M. E. P., Steen, T. A., Park, N., & Peterson, C. (2005). Positive psychology progress: Empirical validation of interventions. American Psychologist, 60, 410–421.
  13. Seligman, M. E. P., Rashid, T., & Parks, A.C. (2006). Positive Psychotherapy. American Psychologist, 61, 774-788.
  14. Shah, J., & Kruglanski, A. (2003). When opportunity knocks: Bottom-up priming of goals by means and its effects on self-regulation. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 84(6), 1109-1122. doi:10.1037/0022-3514.84.6.1109.
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